Aquarium lights are of many types and the one you require would basically depend upon the kind you have. Therefore, this factor is crucial and for the same reason, it is important that before buying, you have a fair knowledge that includes the following.
- All lighting systems generate heat irrespective of purchased from a physical market or an aquarium online store.
- The principle is quite simple that the more powerful the lighting is, the more heat it would generate.
- This means that the cooling related requirements would be higher with more powerful lights.
- The suppliers say that irrespective of everything, your first attempt should be placing the tank in a temperature-controlled room.
For fish-only tanks:
- This includes Fish, artificial plants, decorative wood and/or ceramics, aquarium ornaments, aquarium filters, etc.
- The recommended lighting system is standard or a power compact fluorescent system.
- The systems should be 1 watt per gallon as this much is sufficient to simulate a day-night cycle in a fish-only tank.
- You can choose the spectrum of bulb, but it should suit your preferences.
- You should avoid using standard hardware store bulbs.
For Planted Freshwater tanks
- Freshwater planted tanks basically contain Fish, live plants, decorative wood and/or ceramics, aquarium ornaments, aquarium filters, etc.
- The recommended lighting system is standard fluorescent, T5 HO, VHO, Power Compact, Metal Halide/HQI.
- You should go for a standard fluorescent lighting system between 2 and 5 watts per gallon.
- You should pick only the plants that your lighting system will support.
- You can get a small cooling fan to efficiently dissipate heat from the fixture.
For Saltwater reef fish tanks
- Saltwater reef aquariums generally contain Fish, invertebrates, corals.
Therefore, the recommended lighting systems are T5 HO, VHO, Power Compact, and Metal Halide/HQI.